So, this afternoon I finally gotten around to watching a documentary called "Year Without Summer". I had been putting off watching it for a couple of weeks, but I am definitely glad I finally did. I will not go over the whole documentary as I think it is something you should watch for yourself, but I will list a few highlights about Tambora that really wowed me.
- The tempature of the pyroclastic flows were estimated to be at 2000F
- The height of the mountain before the eruption was 13,000ft. After the explosion Tambora had lost 4,200ft of elevation, and has the deepest caldera of any known volcano in the world.
- The energy of the blast was equivalent to 13 million Herishima bombs.
- The effects of the eruption were felt for up to 5 years in some places of the world.
- An estimated 200,000 people died as a result of death from the pyroclastic flows and famine from ash blocking out the sun around the world.
- In many parts of the world, the tempature changes were so drastic that the tempatures were below freezing during the summer. New England and Canada are examples.
- The ash from the eruption traveled 30 miles straight into the sky.
- Tambora put 150 times more ash in the air than Mt. Saint Helens.
- On the Volcanic Explosivity Index, Tambora was ranked as a 7, on a scale that ranges from 0-8
- On a rating list of the top 10 most explosive and distructive volcanoes in the last 10,000 years, Tambora was ranked #1.
- Tambora is not actively monitored.
- Of the 500 major volcanoes in the world, Indonesia has 150.
For more information, here are a few links: